Django, as we know, is all-encompassing, with a DB with an ORM, Authentication system, Django Rest Framework, built-in tests, and a web server gateway interface, its a power-house of a framework for web development.
Docker as we know changed the entire software development paradigm by containerizing what these frameworks could do and automation for CI/CD from Travis-CI makes it a great combination.
In this article, let's see how to get started with a Django project using Travis-CI, Docker, and to check for lint errors, we'll use Flake8. I Will also use PostgreSQL as a database for our project due to its popularity with this combination. I intend to only show how to set up the project. To know more on how to write tests, build this entire project, you may choose to follow this on GitHub here
It's done in the order of the following steps
Part 1: Set up the project
Create a new repository on Github
Configure Docker Compose
Create a Django project
Part 2: Set up automation
5. Enable Travis-CI
6. Create Travis-CI configuration file
7. Start writing tests
1. Open Github and create a new repository, initiate it with a Readme.md, and an MIT license perhaps.
2. Create a new file called 'Dockerfile' and write the code below
FROM python:3.8-alpine MAINTAINER Madhusudhan Anand ENV PYTHONUNBUFFERED 1 COPY ./requirements.txt /requirements.txt RUN apk add --update --no-cache postgresql-client RUN apk add --update --no-cache --virtual .tmp-build-deps \ gcc libc-dev linux-headers postgresql-dev RUN pip install -r /requirements.txt RUN apk del .tmp-build-deps RUN mkdir /app WORKDIR /app COPY ./app /app RUN adduser -D user USER user
3. Then create another file docker-compose.yml
version: "3.3" services: app: build: context: . ports: - "8000:8000" volumes: - ./app:/app command: > sh -c "python manage.py wait_for_db && python manage.py migrate && python manage.py runserver 0.0.0.0:8000" environment: - DB_HOST=db - DB_NAME=app - DB_USER=postgres - DB_PASS=supersecretpassword depends_on: - db db: image: postgres:10-alpine environment: - POSTGRES_DB=app - POSTGRES_USER=postgres - POSTGRES_PASSWORD=supersecretpassword
Then create a file where we will include all our file requirements for docker to build from. name it requirements.txt
Django>=2.1.3,<3.0.6 djangorestframework>=3.9.0,<3.11.0 psycopg2>=2.7.5,<2.9.0 flake8>=3.6.0,<3.8.0
4. Open terminal(Mac or Linux)/Powershell(windows), (assuming you have already cloned your git repo) CD into your project, and type the command
django-admin startproject mysite
This will create a new django project.
5. Now go to Travis-ci.org and sign up with your GitHub login and activate the repository that you created
6 & 7. Then create a new file, with file name .travis.yml, and write the code below
language: python python: - 3.8 services: - docker before_script: pip install docker-compose script: - docker-compose run app sh -c "python manage.py test && flake8"
8. That's it, now you can start running your tests first. I have worked a bit on this and I am halfway through the project. You can follow and look at all the test files to know how to write tests and also in addition to this, you may review the documentation.